BMA. Caring for the mental health of the medical workforce British Medical Association. 2019.
Familoni OB. An overview of stress in medical practice. Vol. 8, African Health Sciences. Makerere University Medical School; 2008. P. 6–7.
The Lancet. Physician burnout: a global crisis. Vol. 394, The Lancet. Lancet Publishing Group; 2019:93.
Koutsimani P, Montgomery A, Georganta K. The relationship between burnout, depression, and anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers Media S.A. Front Psychol. 2019;10:284.
Gold JA. Covid-19: Adverse mental health outcomes for healthcare workers, vol. 369. The BMJ: BMJ Publishing Group; 2020.
Vizheh M, Qorbani M, Arzaghi SM, Muhidin S, Javanmard Z, Esmaeili M. The mental health of healthcare workers in the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2020;19(2):1967–78.
Spoorthy MS. Mental health problems faced by healthcare workers due to the COVID-19 pandemic–A review. Asian J Psychiatr. 2020;51:102119.
Oxtoby K. The mental health toll of the Covid-19 pandemic on doctors. 2020. https://www.gmjournal.co.uk/the-mental-health-toll-of-the-covid-19-pandemic-on-doctors.
Ghodse H. Doctors’ health and performance. Int Psychiatry. 2005;2(9):1–2.
Ruitenburg MM, Frings-Dresen MH, Sluiter JK. The prevalence of common mental disorders among hospital physicians and their association with self-reported work ability: A cross-sectional study. BMC Health Services Research. 2012;12(1).
Meltzer H, Griffiths C, Brock A, Rooney C, Jenkins R. Patterns of suicide by occupation in England and Wales: 2001–2005. Br J Psychiatry. 2008;193(1):73–6.
Schernhammer E. Taking Their Own Lives-The High Rate of Physician Suicide. Frank Litman, Pepitone-Arreola-Rockwell, Schernhammer K, editor. N Engl J Med. 2005;352(24):2473–6.
Elliott L, Tan J, Norris S. THE MENTAL HEALTH OF DOCTORS A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW. 2010.
Gerada C. Doctors and mental health. Oxford University Press. Occup Med. 2017;67:660–1.
George S, Deshpande S, Kallivayalil RA. Are Specialist Treatment Services Needed for Doctors with Mental Health Problems? Indian J Psychol Med. 2020;42(2):105–7.
Stanton J, Randal P. Doctors accessing mental-health services: An exploratory study. BMJ Open. 2011;1(1):e000017.
Persaud R. Reducing the stress in medicine. BMJ Publishing Group. Postgrad Med J. 2002;78:1–3.
Yang S, Meredith P, Khan A. Stress and burnout among healthcare professionals working in a mental health setting in Singapore. Asian J Psychiatr. 2015;1(15):15–20.
Dewa CS, Loong D, Bonato S, Trojanowski L. The relationship between physician burnout and quality of healthcare in terms of safety and acceptability: A systematic review. BMJ Open. 2017;7(6):e015141.
Panagioti M, Geraghty K, Johnson J, Zhou A, Panagopoulou E, Chew-Graham C, et al. Association between Physician Burnout and Patient Safety, Professionalism, and Patient Satisfaction: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2018;178(10):1317–30.
Royal College of Physicians. Work and wellbeing in the NHS: why staff health matters to patient care | RCP London. 2015.
Warner L, Jones MR, Al-Najjar Z. The Wounded Healer: Report on the First 10 Years of Practitioner Health Service. Practitioner Health Service. 2018.
Prins JT, Hoekstra-Weebers JEHM, Gazendam-Donofrio SM, Dillingh GS, Bakker AB, Huisman M, et al. Burnout and engagement among resident doctors in the Netherlands: A national study. Med Educ. 2010;44(3):236–47.
NHS Digital. NHS Workforce Statistics – September 2014, Provisional statistics – NHS Digital [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2021 May 29]. Available from: https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/nhs-workforce-statistics/nhs-workforce-statistics-september-2014-provisional-statistics.
BMA. Thousands of overworked doctors plan to leave the NHS, BMA finds – BMA media centre – BMA [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 May 29]. Available from: https://www.bma.org.uk/bma-media-centre/thousands-of-overworked-doctors-plan-to-leave-the-nhs-bma-finds.
Rickwood D, Thomas K. Conceptual measurement framework for help-seeking for mental health problems. Psychol Res Behav Manag. 2012;5:173–83.
Bach-Mortensen AM, Verboom B. Barriers and facilitators systematic reviews in health: A methodological review and recommendations for reviewers. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Res Synth Methods. 2020;11:743–59.
Brown JSL, Evans-Lacko S, Aschan L, Henderson MJ, Hatch SL, Hotopf M. Seeking informal and formal help for mental health problems in the community: A secondary analysis from a psychiatric morbidity survey in South London. BMC Psychiatry. 2014;14(1):1–15.
Ahmedani BK. Mental Health Stigma: Society, Individuals, and the Profession. J Soc Work Values Ethics. 2011;8(2):41–416.
Golberstein E, Eisenberg D, Gollust SE. Perceived stigma and mental health care seeking. Psychiatr Serv. 2008;59(4):392–9.
Spiers J, Kessler D, Leggett N, Taylor AK, Thornton G, Buszewicz M, et al. Barriers, facilitators, and survival strategies for GPs seeking treatment for distress: A qualitative study. Br J Gen Pract. 2017;67(663):e700–8.
White A, Shiralkar P, Hassan T, Galbraith N, Callaghan R. Barriers to mental healthcare for psychiatrists. Psychiatr Bull. 2018;30(10):382–4.
Adams EFM, Lee AJ, Pritchard CW, White RJE. What stops us from healing the healers: A survey of help-seeking behaviour, stigmatisation and depression within the medical profession. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2010;56(4):359–70.
Axisa C, Nash L, Kelly P, Willcock S. Psychiatric morbidity, burnout and distress in Australian physician trainees. Aust Health Rev. 2019;44(1):31–8.
Gulliver A, Griffiths KM, Christensen H. Perceived barriers and facilitators to mental health help-seeking in young people: A systematic review. BMC Psychiatry. 2010;10(1):1–9.
Edwards JL, Crisp DA. Seeking help for psychological distress: Barriers for mental health professionals. Aust J Psychol. 2017;69(3):218–25.
Rees S, Cohen D, Marfell N, Robling M, et al. Doctors’ decisions when disclosing their mental ill-health. Occup Med (Oxford, England). 2019;69(4):258–65.
Hunsley J, Elliott K, Therrien Z. The Efficacy and Effectiveness of Psychological Treatments. 2013.
Pybis J, Saxon D, Hill A, Barkham M. The comparative effectiveness and efficiency of cognitive behaviour therapy and generic counselling in the treatment of depression: Evidence from the 2nd UK National Audit of psychological therapies. BMC Psychiatry. 2017;17(1):1–13.
Gold KJ, Andrew LB, Goldman EB, Schwenk TL. “I would never want to have a mental health diagnosis on my record”: A survey of female physicians on mental health diagnosis, treatment, and reporting. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2016;1(43):51–7.
Schwenk TL, Gorenflo DW, Leja LM. A survey on the impact of being depressed on the professional status and mental health care of physicians. Center Dyrbye, Dyrbye, Kessler, Kroenke, Miles, Roeloffs, Rosenthal, Schernhammer, Schindler C, editor. J Clin Psychiatry. 2008;69(4):617–20.
Spiers J, Buszewicz M, Chew-Graham CA, Gerada C, Kessler D, Leggett N, et al. Barriers, facilitators, and survival strategies for GPs seeking treatment for distress: a qualitative study. Br J Gen Pract. 2017;67(663):e700–8.
Teo YH, Xu JT, Ho C, Leong JM, Tan BK, Tan EK, et al. Factors associated with self-reported burnout level in allied healthcare professionals in a tertiary hospital in Singapore Wilkinson J, editor. PloS One. 2021;16(1):e0244338.
Gold KJ, Andrew LB, Goldman EB, Schwenk TL, et al. “I would never want to have a mental health diagnosis on my record”: A survey of female physicians on mental health diagnosis, treatment, and reporting. Gen Hospital Psychiatry. 2016;43:51–7.
Rimmer A. Over 80% of doctors work unpaid overtime, NHS survey shows. BMJ. 2015;24(350):h1086.
World Health Organization. WHO | Accessibility [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2021 May 29]. Available from: https://www.who.int/gender-equity-rights/understanding/accessibility-definition/en/.
Baldwin PJ, Dodd M, Wrate RM. Young doctors’ health – II Health and health behaviour. Soc Sci Med. 1997;45(1):41–4.
Torous J, Myrick KJ, Rauseo-Ricupero N, Firth J. Digital mental health and COVID-19: Using technology today to accelerate the curve on access and quality tomorrow. JMIR Publications Inc. JMIR Mental Health. 2020;7:e18848.
Dudley JR. Confronting Stigma within the Services System. Soc Work. 2000;45(5):449–55.
Bianchi E, Bhattacharyya M, Meakin R. Exploring senior doctors’ beliefs and attitudes regarding mental illness within the medical profession: A qualitative study. BMJ Open. 2016;6(9):e012598.
Lee E, Jeong YM, Yi SJ. Nurses’ attitudes toward psychiatric help for depression: The serial mediation effect of self-stigma and depression on public stigma and attitudes toward psychiatric help. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(14):1–10.
Jones N, Whybrow D, Coetzee R. UK military doctors; stigma, mental health and help-seeking: a comparative cohort study. J R Army Med Corps. 2018;164(4):259–66.
West CP, Dyrbye LN, Erwin PJ, Shanafelt TD. Interventions to prevent and reduce physician burnout: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet. 2016;388(10057):2272–81.
Worley LLM. Our Fallen Peers: A Mandate for Change. Acad Psychiatry. 2008;32(1):8–12.
Taylor CJ, Wright M, Jackson CL, Hobbs R. Grass is greener? General practice in England and Australia. Br J Gen Pract. 2016;66(649):428–9.
Van der Bijl H, Oosthuizen P. Anxiety, depression, health attitudes and coping strategies in doctors and teachers in a Cape Town setting. S Afr J Psychiatry. 2007;13(2):6.
Cowles KV. Issues in Qualitative Research on Sensitive Topics. West J Nurs Res. 1988;10(2):163–79.
Greenberg N, Docherty M, Gnanapragasam S, Wessely S. Managing mental health challenges faced by healthcare workers during covid-19 pandemic, vol. 368. The BMJ: BMJ Publishing Group; 2020.
Gopalkrishnan N, Babacan H. Cultural diversity and mental health. Australasian Psychiatry. 2015;23(6_suppl):6–8.
Kylili A, Afxentiou N, Georgiou L, Panteli C, Morsink-Georgalli PZ, Panayidou A, et al. The role of Remote Working in smart cities: lessons learnt from COVID-19 pandemic. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects. 2020;
Oxford. CULTURE | Definition of CULTURE by Oxford Dictionary on Lexico.com also meaning of CULTURE [Internet]. [cited 2021 May 28]. Available from: https://www.lexico.com/definition/culture.
Mannion R, Davies H. Understanding organisational culture for healthcare quality improvement. BMJ (Online). 2018 Nov;363.
Saunders MNK, Lewis P, Thornhill A. Research methods for business students. In: Research methods for business students. Eighth. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited; 2013.
Nowell LS, Norris JM, White DE, Moules NJ. Thematic Analysis: Striving to Meet the Trustworthiness Criteria. International Journal of Qualitative Methods. 2017 Sep 28;16(1).
Bathje GJ, Marston HN. Self-Stigmatization. In: Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology. Springer New York; 2014. P. 1713–6.
Pugh T, Hatzenbuehler M, Link BG. Structural Stigma and Mental Illness. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2015;192(October):1–71.
Knaak S, Mantler E, Szeto A. Mental illness-related stigma in healthcare: Barriers to access and care and evidence-based solutions. Vol. 30, Healthcare Management Forum. SAGE Publications Inc.; 2017. P. 111–6.
Corrigan PW, Rao D. On the self-stigma of mental illness: Stages, disclosure, and strategies for change. Can J Psychiatry. 2012;57:464–9 Canadian Psychiatric Association.
Rubio-Valera M, Chen TF, O’Reilly CL. New Roles for Pharmacists in Community Mental Health Care: A Narrative Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2014, Vol 11, Pages 10967–10990. 2014 Oct 21;11(10):10967–90.
Garland E. Master’s Paper | A Literature Review of Stigma and Barriers to Mental Health Care in the U. S. Military | ID: s7526g64j | Carolina Digital Repository [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2021 Sep 12]. Available from: https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/concern/masters_papers/s7526g64j.
Zinzow HM, Britt TW, Pury CLS, Raymond MA, McFadden AC, Burnette CM. Barriers and facilitators of mental health treatment seeking among active-duty army personnel. Mil Psychol. 2013;25(5):514–35.
Hom MA, Stanley IH, Joiner TE. Evaluating factors and interventions that influence help-seeking and mental health service utilization among suicidal individuals: A review of the literature. Vol. 40, Clinical Psychology Review. Elsevier Inc.; 2015. P. 28–39.
Carlton PA, Deane FP. Impact of attitudes and suicidal ideation on adolescents’ intentions to seek professional psychological help. J Adolesc. 2000;23(1):35–45.
Bianchi EF, Bhattacharyya MR, Meakin R. Exploring senior doctors’ beliefs and attitudes regarding mental illness within the medical profession: a qualitative study. BMJ Open. 2016;6(9):e012598.
Persaud R. How to look after your patients by looking after yourself. Postgrad Med J. 2004;80:251–2 The Fellowship of Postgraduate Medicine.
Sanchez-Reilly S, Morrison LJ, Carey E, Bernacki R, O’Neill L, Kapo J, et al. Caring for oneself to care for others: Physicians and their self-care. Journal of Supportive Oncology. 2013;11(2):75–81.
Hyun J, Quinn B, Madon T, Lustig S. Mental health need, awareness, and use of ounselling services among international graduate students. J Am Coll Health. 2007;56(2):109–18.
Stienen MN, Scholtes F, Samuel R, Weil A, Weyerbrock A, Surbeck W. Different but similar: Personality traits of surgeons and internists – Results of a cross-sectional observational study. BMJ Open. 2018;8(7):21310.
Nawaiseh MB, Haddadin RR, Al Droubi B, Nawaiseh HB, Alarood S, Aborajooh E, et al. The association between personality traits and specialty preference among medical students in Jordan. Psychol Res Behav Manag. 2020;13:599–607.
Mullola S, Hakulinen C, Presseau J, De Porras DGR, Jokela M, Hintsa T, et al. Personality traits and career choices among physicians in Finland: Employment sector, clinical patient contact, specialty and change of specialty. BMC Med Edu. 2018;18(1):1–12.
Jacob R, Li TY, Martin Z, Burren A, Watson P, Kant R, et al. Taking care of our future doctors: A service evaluation of a medical student mental health service. BMC Med Educ. 2020;20(1):1–11.
Cuttilan AN, Sayampanathan AA, Ho RCM. Mental health issues amongst medical students in Asia: A systematic review [2000–2015]. Annals of Translational Medicine. 2016 Feb 1;4(4).
Patino CM, Ferreira JC. Inclusion and exclusion criteria in research studies: Definitions and why they matter. J Bras Pneumol. 2018;44(2):84.
Johnson SB, Butcher F. Doctors during the COVID-19 pandemic: What are their duties and what is owed to them? J Med Ethics. 2021;47(1):12–5.